ENGLISH (Second Language)READING COMPREHENSION (SEEN)
1. Read the passage given below silently:
I was having tea at home on the evening of 30th January, 1948, when I was called to Birla House by an urgent telephone. Gandhiji had been shot on his way to a prayer meeting. I was numb with shock as I got into the car.
At the Birla House, Gandhiji’s relatives and followers had gathered round his body. There was silence in the room as Gandhiji breathed his last. Words of Bapuji’s death spread through Delhi like a flame fanned by wind. Sad groups of men and women had collected around Birla House. Out of every window one could see a brown blur of faces. They did not make a sound. There was an unnatural silence. It was as if time stood still for those few minutes.
The people were too stunned to speak in the beginning. Later they clamoured wildly, shouting and crying. They jostled one another in a stampede to break into the house. They calmed a little when it was announced that they would be allowed to see Gandhiji before the funeral.
When one is faced with the shock of a loved one’s death, one whimpers: “What will become of me now that he has left me?” This was surely the question uppermost in the mind of the mourning people. They looked like lost children. It was the question in many of our hearts as we sat, still shocked and unbelieving. We listened to the broadcast telling the people of India that their Bapu was no more.
A. Choose the correct alternative to complete the following sentences: 1×5-5
(a) Gandhiji had been shot on – (i) 30.07.1948 (ii) 15.08.1948 (ii) 30.01.1948 (iv) 15.08.1947.
Ans: (ii) 30.01.1948
(b) People shouted wildly and (i) had been shot (ii) demanded loudly (ii) got into the car (iv) broke into the house.
Ans: (iv) broke into the house.
(c) The people were so stunned in the beginning that they could not (i) clamour (ii) whimper (ii) speak (iv) jostle.
Ans: (ii) speak.
(d) When one is faced with the shock of a loved one’s death, one (i) makes low, crying noises (ii) forces other’s way by pushing (ii) makes an urgent telephone call (iv) spreads the news of death.
Ans: (i) makes low, crying noises.
(e) Relatives and followers gathered round the body of (i) Nayantara Sehgal (i) M.K. Birla (i) the author (iv) Gandhiji.
Ans: (e) Relatives and followers gathered round the body of (i) Nayantara Sehgal (i) M.K. Birla (i) the author (iv) Gandhiji.
B. Complete the following sentences with information from the text: 1×3-3
(a) It was announced that they would be allowed to see Gandhiji before the funeral and then they calmed a little.
(b) As she got into the car she was numb with shock.
(c) The question in many of the hearts was “What will become of me now that he has left me?”
C. Answer the following questions. 2×2=4
(a) Who looked like lost children?
Ans: The mourning people, who were bereaved with the passing away of Bapu, looked like lost children.
(b) What could be seen out of every window?
Ans: Out of every window, a brown blur of faces could be seen.
2. Read the following lines silently:
To grass, or leaf, or fruit, or wall
The snail sticks close, nor fears to fall
As if he grew there, house and all,
Within that house secure he hides
When danger imminent betides
Of storm, or other harm besides
Give but his horns the slightest touch,
His self-collecting pow’r is such,
He shrinks into the house with much
Where’er he dwells, he dwells alone,
Except himself has chatells none,
Well satisfied to be his own
A. Tick the correct alternative to complete the following sentences: 1×44
(a) Given the slightest touch in his horns, the snail can shrink into his house because of his i) self understanding (ii) power of the self (iii) self-collecting power (iv) power of displeasure.
Ans: (iii) self-collecting power.
(b) The snail sticks close – (i) with fears of fall (ii) to the houses of all (iii) to different surfaces iv) together with his friends.
Ans: iv) together with his friends.
(c) The snail has no i) dwelling place (ii) satisfaction (iii) personal belongings (iv) treasure.
Ans: (iii) personal belongings.
(d) Danger likely to happen, within his house the snail i) grows (ii) betides (ii) hides (iv) secures others.
Ans: (ii) hides.
B. Answer the following questions: 2×2=4
(a) Explain the phrase “self-collecting power”.
Ans: the phrase “self-collecting power” means the ability to go back to a safe place quickly.
(b) When is a snail well-satisfied?
Ans: A snail is well-satisfied when the snail finds himself to be his own whole treasure.
READING COMPREHENSION (UNSEEN)
3. Read the following paragraphs attentively:
We had some good experiences too. It was here for the first time that I heard about Pali being taught in a school. Pali was available as a substitute of Sanskrit for students of higher classes. I had heard about Pali earlier, but I believed it was the most popular language at the time of Lord Buddha, and not part of any curriculum of modern schools. I would have loved to learn the language, but the school didn’t teach it to the students of our class. Chhorda had the option to study it, but he had neither the interest nor the taste for it. He studied Sanskrit, and I learnt the same from his articulations.
The rhythm and rhyme of both languages, Sanskrit and Pali, have ever enchanted me and this love for both these languages will be there with me till I breathe my last.
The Bagbazar High School had a school library, which loaned out books to all its students. Borrowing books were not compulsory but was encouraged by the school. I was already adept at reading Bengali fast. I was thrilled to read any book which was not part of my syllabus as a fifth grader. I started reading whatever book I could lay my hands on in the library. I also encouraged my peers to read the books that I had finished reading. Soon, my friends and I in the school were reading three new books every week, although much of what we read remained incomprehensible. Yet what gave us joy was the very fact that we could go about with pride and satisfaction of having finished reading title after title. The flip side was that we did retain some of what we read, and in the process of reading, we acquired a habit of reading quickly. Later we even started a book-reading competition among ourselves. (Source: Never Give up by Mrinmoy Bhattacharyya)
A. Choose the correct alternative to complete the following sentences. 1×6-6
(a) Number of books the author and his friends were reading every week is i) five (i) one (ii) three (iv) four.
(b) Name of the subject that author knew was not taught in school was (i) Sanskrit (i) English (ii) Pali (iv) Bengali.
(c) The rhythm and the rhyme of the language that have ever enchanted the author are (i) Sanskrit and Bengali (ii) English andPali (iii) Pali and Bengali (iv) Pali and Sanskrit.
(d) The most popular language at the time of Lord Buddha was (i) Sanskrit (ii) Bengali (iii) Pali (iv) English.
(e) Pali was not available i) as a substitute of Sanskrit (ii) of students of higher classes (iii) for the students of fifth grader (iv) for Chhorda.
(f) The institution that loans out books to the readers is called (i) Centre for Bookworms (ii) Bagbazar High School (iii) Bagbazar High School Library (iv) library.
B. State whether the following sentences are True or False. Quote words from the text in support of your answer. 1+1)x3-6
(a) The author was encouraged by his peers to read the books that he has finished reading.
(b) Pali was no part of any curriculum of modern school.
(c) The author could comprehend whatever he read.
C. Answer the following questions: 2×4-8
(a) What are the good experiences that the author had?
(b) Who had no taste for Pali?
(c) Why did reading title after title give them joy?
(d) What was the delayed outcome of reading habit?
SECTION B (GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY)
4. Fill up the blanks with the appropriate form of the verbs given in brackets.: 1×3-3
The Bagbazar High School ________ (housed/was housed/house) in and old two-storey building. It ________ (access/can access/ could be accessed) through a very narrow street. The staircase to the first floor was also narrow, as ________ (were/are/was) the corridors.
Ans: was housed, could be accessed, were.
5. Do as directed:
A. Fill up the blanks with appropriate article or preposition: 1×3=3
During —— breaks, there was no way —— moving about —— pushing and shoving fellow students.
Ans: the, for, among.
B. (i) Navigating the staircase was a nightmare during tiffin breaks, as waves of boys moved in opposite directions. (Split into two simple sentences).
Ans: It was tiffin hour. The waves of boys moved in opposite directions. Navigating the staircase was a nightmare.
(ii) I would promptly reply, “I shall drive out all those who make you weep”. (Change the mode of narration).
Ans: I would promptly reply that I should drive out all those who made you weep.
(iii) There he broke the news to me that he would not be returning to Jangipur College. (Change into a simple sentence).
Ans: There he broke the news to me not to return to Jangipur College.
C. Replace the words in italics with the phrasal verbs given in the list below. There is an extra one in the list. 1×3=3
i) The vacation will begin soon.
Ans: set in.
(ii) She recovered slowly.
Ans: came round.
(iii) A true leader never surrenders.
Ans: gives in.
[List of phrasal verbs: give in, breakout, set in, come round.]
6. From the text of the Question No. 3, find out the words, contextual meaning of which have been given below: 2×4=8
(i) less good or less popular
(ii) not able to be understood.
(iii) correspondence of sound among words or the ending of words
7. Write a short biography of veteran film director Tarun Mazumdaron on the basis of the hints given. You are to compose the paragraph in about 100 words using as much of the below as required. 10
Hints: date of birth: 22.09.1931, place: maternal uncle’s house at Tollygunge —- father & uncle :
allygunge at Bogura, now in Bangladesh matriculation: :Bogura
father & uncle: freedom fi
………….ghter childhood: in the
Coonatio Paul’s College graduation with Honours in Chemistry
cestral home at
ancestra igh School-migrated to Kolkata at maternal uncle’s house
C from St. Paul’s
SC frh Church College early influence: literary and cultural
a at magazine named ‘Filmland’1951 joined the camera department
the film world formed Yatrik Collective with Sachin Mukherjee and
here of he family-watched many films of Charlie Chaplin
atmoshphere of the
later influcnced by maternal uncle, himself associated with
of Ardhendui Mukherjee’s Sanket worked as a publicity designer in
Dio Mukherjee: their first work in 1959 – first independent direction: Alar Pipasa (1965) Padmashree Award (1990) -National Award four times recipient of Filmtare’s Lifetime Achievement films chown in different international film fares including Berlin, Montreal, etc. Balika Badhu’ and Sangsar Simante’ awarded in Taskhand International Film Festival -the latter got National Award in 12 sections of film making commercial success of his films was based upon
human values the body donated to the anatomy department of the
state-run Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research
8. Write a summary of the following passage within 100 words. 10
Wildlife conservation refers to the practice of protecting wild species and their habitats in order to maintain, protect and enhance natural ecosystems. Major threats to wildlife include habitat destruction,
degradation, over-exploitation, poaching, pollution, and climate change. To address these issues, there have been both national and international governmental efforts to preserve Earth’s wildlife. Because of infrastructural development and greed of a few excessively rich persons wild habitat is often fragmented. Overexploitation of animals and plants at a rate that’s faster than the species’s ability to recover Is another cause. Poaching for illegal wildlife trading is a major threat of certain species. Sometimes government takes up programme for culling huge deaths of wildlife. There are examples of population culling in the United States, such as bison in Montana and swans, geese, and deer in New York and other places.
A wide range of populants negatively impact wildlife health. Pollution leads to climate change and that results in extinction of many species. Habitat conservation is the most important thing to be done. It is the practice of protecting a habitat in order to protect the species within it. Most conservation efforts focus on ensuring population growth but benetic diversity also greatly affect species survival. Monitoring of wildlife populations is an important part of conservation. In 1992, the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) was a grid on at the UN Conference on Environment and Development (open called the Rio Earth Summit) as an international record to protect the Earth’s biological resources and diversity. Every country is obliged to abide by the same. But no government can ensure a good future if its citizens are not conscious of their own future. Nor a government does have any ethical right to punish the offenders concerned when such a crime is caused by either unemployment or poverty. Hence we should resist all direct and indirect actions causing harm to wildlife conservation and should campaign against all kinds of threats to ecological balance.
9. In “Our Runaway Kite” you have read that the keeper of the Big Half Moon Lighthouse quarrelled with brother and left home. Years afterward, he felt sorry and when he went back he found his brother had died and he could not find his sister. But she wrote two letters to her brother in a gap of several years. Draft any of the two letters on behalf of her in about 100 words.
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