Degrees of Comparison
In English grammar, degrees are of three types. They are :
i. Positive degree
ii. Comparative degree and
iii. Superlative degree.
Degree of Comparison is possible only of Adjective and Adverb (in some cases).
i. Positive Degree:
a) When we normally use an adjective to qualify (a noun) anybody or anything, this adjective is in Positive Degree. Or we can say that the original form of an adjective is in positive degree.
For example: “Shweta is a tall girl.”
In this sentence, we see that the word ‘happy’ is adjective and this adjective is used to qualify the noun ‘girl’. Nothing is added to the adjective ‘tall’. This form is a simple adjective. So, the adjective ‘tall’ is used here as Positive Degree.
b) Moreover, we use positive degree to indicate the same quality of two persons or two things.
For example we can say “Shweta is as happy as Mita.”
ii. Comparative Degree:
When we want to compare between two persons or two things, we use the comparative degree of adjective.
For example: “Shweta is taller than Mita .”
In this example there is a comparison between two persons Shweta and Mita. The comparison indicates that Shweta taller than Mita. And ‘-er’ is added to the adjective ‘tall’. Here the form of adjective ‘taller’ is used in Comparative Degree.
iii. Superlative Degree:
When we want to indicate the supreme or the least quality among all/many persons or or things, we use the Superlative Degree of adjective.
For example: “Shweta is the tallest girl among my friends”.
In this example, there is a comparison among all. Here the comparison indicates that Shweta is the tallest girl. This form of adjective is in Superlative Degree. ‘est’ is used to the main adjective ‘tall’. ‘the’ is used before the Superlative Degree.
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